Header menu link for other important links
Identification of selective plant-derived natural carotenoid and flavonoids as the potential inhibitors of DHHC-mediated protein S-palmitoylation: an in silico study
Suchi Chaturvedi, Nirali Pandya, , Avinash Sonawane
Published in Taylor and Francis Ltd.
Protein S-palmitoylation mediated by DHHCs is recognized as a distinct and reversible form of lipid modification connected with several health perturbations, including neurodegenerative disorders, cancer and autoimmune conditions. However, the pharmacological characteristics of current pan-DHHC inhibitors, particularly their toxicity and off-target effects, have hindered their in-depth cellular investigations. The therapeutic properties of the natural compounds, with minimal side effects, allowed us to evaluate them as DHHC-targeting inhibitors. Here, we performed an insilico screening of 115 phytochemicals to assess their interactions with the DHHC20 binding site. Among these compounds, lutein, 5-hydroxyflavone and 6-hydroxyflavone exhibited higher binding energy (−9.2, −8.5 and −8.5 kcal/mol) in the DHHC20 groove compared to pan-DHHC inhibitor 2-BP (−7.0 kcal/mol). Furthermore, we conducted a 100 ns MD simulation to evaluate the stability of these complexes under physiological conditions. The MDsimulation results indicated that DHHC20 formed a more stable conformation with lutein compared to 5-hydroxyflavone and 6-hyroxyflavone via hydrophobic and H-bond interactions. Conclusively, these results could serve as a promising starting point for exploring the use of these natural molecules as DHHC20 inhibitors. Communicated by Ramaswamy H. Sarma. © 2024 Informa UK Limited, trading as Taylor & Francis Group.
About the journal
JournalJournal of Biomolecular Structure and Dynamics
PublisherTaylor and Francis Ltd.
Open AccessNo